Showing 1 - 12 of 417 reports matching: Spine
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Synopsis: 50 patients undergoing one- or two-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) were randomized to postoperative management with our without a rigid cervical collar for a period 6 weeks. Neck Disability Index (NDI), subsidence, and fusion outcomes were evaluated over a period of 24 months. There were no Read More »
Conference Report
Synopsis: 14 studies with a total of 1723 patients were included in this meta-analysis to evaluate the clinical efficacy of thoracic pedicle screw placement between intraoperative computer navigation and fluoroscopy-guided navigation in thoracic spine surgery. Pooled outcomes included the malposition rate, operative time, complication rate, pedicle insertion time, and intraoperative blood loss. Findings indicated significant Read More »
Level 2 Meta Analysis
Synopsis: 181 patients with sub-acute or chronic neck pain were randomized to receive either manual therapy, according the Utrecht School guideline (MTU), or standard physiotherapy (PT). The purpose of this secondary analysis was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of MTU compared to PT. Cost differences were Read More »
Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 100 patients with thoracolumbar vertebral fracture were randomized to either radiofrequency kyphoplasty or balloon kyphoplasty. The purpose of this study was to compare the rate of cement leakage between the two groups. Postoperative leakage observed Read More »
Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 69 patients scheduled for single-level posterior lumbar interbody fusion were randomized to one of two different implant groups: one group received an autologous cage consisting of the resected spinous process and lamina (ACSP) from earlier in the procedure, and one group received a polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cage. The purpose of this study was to determine and compare clinical and radiographical results of the ACSP group in comparison to the PEEK cage group over 24-month follow-up. Results demonstrated no Read More »
Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 10 studies including 5 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and 5 prospective trials were included in this meta-analysis to compare the safety and effectiveness of interspinous spacers and posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) in the treatment of patients with degenerative lumbar spinal diseases. Findings indicated no significant differences between treatment groups for pooled complication rates, postoperative pain, postoperative disability, duration of hospital stay, and postoperative range of motion in the distal segment. A significantly lower Read More »
Level 2 Meta Analysis
Synopsis: Four studies (two randomized controlled trials [RCTs] and two non-RCT comparative trials) were included in this systematic review and meta-analysis to compare outcomes following anterior cervical discectomy and fusion with either a polyetheretherketon (PEEK) cage or a titanium cage. Pooled results demonstrated no significant differences in the rate of successful fusion, clinical outcome on the Odom's criteria measure, final segmental angle, or loss in segmental correction over follow-up between groups. A significantly higher Read More »
Level 2 Meta Analysis
Synopsis: 40 patients with single-level degenerative lumbar disc disease who were scheduled for transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) were randomized to undergo the procedure with or without the use of navigation technology. The purpose of this study was to compare perioperative outcomes, including incision length, intraoperative blood loss, operative time, postoperative blood loss, time to mobilization, and the length of hospital stay between groups, as well as the clinical outcomes at 3-month and 2-year follow-up. Significant differences in Read More »
Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 70 patients with low back pain and a directional preference observed during a mechanical assessment were randomized to treatment using the McKenzie method or motor control exercises. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects that these two treatments had on the recruitment of the transversus abdominis, obliquus internus, and obliquus externus muscles, as well as their effects on pain intensity, functional outcome, and global perceived effect. Outcomes were reported Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 80 patients with ankylosing spondylitis were randomized to receive a Chinese patent medicine, 0.6g Kunxian, or a placebo drug, 3 times daily for 12 weeks. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of Kunxian, measured using the Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS) 20 response rate. Other outcomes included Read More »
Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 115 patients with vertebral compression fractures were randomized to undergo either kyphoplasty or vertebroplasty. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of the two treatments in terms of pain and disability using the numeric rating scale and the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire. Outcomes were assessed Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 40 patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis were randomized to have a computer-aided design and manufactured thoraco-lumbo-sacral orthosis with or without the addition of finite element simulation during the design process. Patients underwent radiographic evaluation during brace wearing to assess correction in thoracic and lumbar Cobb angle, as well as thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis angles. Results demonstrated a Read More »
Level 2 RCT