Showing 1 - 12 of 393 reports matching: Sports Medicine
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Synopsis: 68 patients scheduled for outpatient arthroscopic ACL reconstruction were randomized to be administered either combined single-shot femoral nerve and sciatic nerve blocks (combined ssFSNB), or single-shot femoral nerve block alone (ssFNB). The purpose of this study was to determine if the combined femoral-sciatic nerve block demonstrated significantly lower pain within the post-anaesthesia care unit. Results demonstrated significantly Read More »
Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 60 patients scheduled for arthroscopic ACL reconstruction were randomized to receive an injection of either hyaluronic acid or placebo on the first day following the procedure. The purpose of this study was to compare measures of pain, function, and health-related quality of life between groups over a 12-month follow-up to determine if the use of hyaluronic acid can provide benefits in this patient population. The results demonstrated Read More »
RCT
Synopsis: 5 randomized controlled trials were included in this meta-analysis to compare arthroscopic partial meniscectomy to conservative treatment for the management of nonobstructive meniscal tears. Data from included studies was pooled for physical function outcomes, pain, and activity level over multiple time points up to 24-month follow-up. The results from Read More »
Author verified Level 1 Meta Analysis
Synopsis: 32 patients who suffered an anterior cruciate ligament tear were included in this trial and randomized to arthroscopic reconstruction or non-operative care. The objective of this study was to compare functional outcome and the effect of these treatment methods on the incidence and progression of knee osteoarthritis over a 10-year follow-up. The results of Read More »
Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 84 patients undergoing arthroscopic ACL reconstruction were included in this trial to evaluate the effect of tourniquets in ACL reconstruction. Patients were randomized to undergo the procedure without a tourniquet or with a tourniquet inflated to 350mmHg. The outcomes of Read More »
Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 129 patients with an anterior cruciate ligament tear scheduled for anatomic single-bundle reconstruction were randomized to receive either a six-stranded semitendinosus and gracilis (hamstring) allograft (6-strand HT) or bone-patellar-tendon-bone (BPTB) allograft. The purpose of this study was to determine if the 6-strand HT group demonstrated significantly better rotational and anterior knee stability compared to the BPTB group over a 4-year follow-up. Results over the Read More »
Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 80 patients with a unilateral tear of the ACL ligament were included in this study and randomized to either single- or double-bundle anatomic ACL reconstruction with a 6- to 8-stranded hamstring autograft. The objective of this study was to determine if there were significant differences in patient-reported outcomes and knee laxity over a minimum of 7-year follow-up. There were no Read More »
Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: Ten studies, including nine randomized controlled trials and one prospective cohort study, were included in this meta-analysis to investigate the efficacy of injury prevention programs in adolescent team sports. Pooled results demonstrated a significant injury rate reduction with the use of injury prevention programs versus control interventions overall. Subgroup differences were Read More »
Level 2 Meta Analysis
Synopsis: 84 patients scheduled for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction were randomized to multimodal postoperative analgesia including infiltration analgesia with liposomal bupivacaine or a femoral nerve block. The purpose of this study was to determine if liposomal bupivacaine infiltration offered noninferior analgesic efficacy compared to a femoral nerve block, assessed over the first 4 days postoperatively. In the period Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 22 studies (15 RCTs and 7 prospective cohorts) were included in this systematic review and meta-analysis to provide a comprehensive synthesis of evidence comparing anatomic double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (DB-ACLR) and anatomical single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (SB-ACLR) while accounting for the different drilling techniques applied. The results of this meta-analysis indicated that regardless of femroal drilling technique used (transtibial or independent) in SB-ACLR, DB-ACLR provided significantly greater rotational stability. The study also Read More »
Level 2 Meta Analysis
Synopsis: 23 studies (n = 2313, 4 randomized control trials, 18 cross-sectional/cohort observational studies and 1 cross-sectional study with a nested RCT) were included in this systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the prevalence of inadequate vitamin D in athletes and to investigate the association between vitamin D inadequacy and injury. Pooled analysis revealed that 56% of athletes were vitamin D inadequate. The prevalence of Read More »
Author verified Level 1 Meta Analysis
Synopsis: 48 patients scheduled for arthroscopic knee surgery were randomized to receive a sodium hyaluronate or bupivacaine injection immediately following the procedure. Pain, function, and health-related quality of life were evaluated over a 6-week follow-up period. The results of Read More »
Level 1 RCT