Showing 1 - 12 of 143 reports matching:
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Synopsis: 1108 patients with low-energy femoral neck fractures were randomized to internal fixation with a sliding hip screw or cancellous screws. The objective of this study was to compare the rates of re-operation, complications (avascular necrosis, nonunion, implant failure, and infection), and health-related quality of life between the two methods of internal fixation over a 24-month follow-up period. The results of Read More »
Conference Report
Synopsis: 220 patients with low back pain for less than 16 days were randomly assigned to receive either early physical therapy (EPT) or usual care for the management of their low back pain. The purpose of this study was to determine whether early physical therapy consisting of exercise and manipulation was advantageous over usual care in improving disability, measured via Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) scores. Significantly greater improvement Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 100 patients with knee osteoarthritis not eligible for total knee replacement were randomly assigned to either a 12-week non-surgical program (MEDIC treatment), consisting of neuromuscular exercise, educational sessions, insoles, diet changes, and pain medication, or to usual care with educational pamphlets. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a multi-modal non-surgical treatment on patient pain, function, and quality of life. Patients enrolled in Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 17 patients with chronic hamstring tendinopathy were randomly assigned to receive either a platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection or a whole blood (WB) injection. Follow-up was performed for 6 months post-injection. The results of Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 184 patients were randomized to receive either an Early Rehabilitation Intervention (ERI) or a Brief Educational Intervention (BEI) for road traffic injuries. The goal of this study was to determine the best return to work or usual activities for patients of varying risk levels for mental health disorders. The results of Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 2551 patients with an open fracture of the extremity were included in this randomized, 2 by 3 factorial design trial to investigate the effects of irrigation pressure and solution on reoperation rates. The patients were randomized to receive irrigation with either soap or saline at high, low, or very low pressure. After a 12 Read More »
Author verified Level 1 RCT
Synopsis: One hundred and fifty patients who underwent Achilles tendon rupture repair surgery were randomized to receive either intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) for six hours a day under an orthosis (Aircast XP Walker, DJO LLC) for two weeks, or standard treatment in a plaster cast without IPC. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of IPC on rates of deep vein thrombosis (DVT.) The findings of this study demonstrated IPC to be an effective treatment to reduce incidence of DVT at two-weeks postoperatively compared to patients in a plaster cast without IPC. However, following the Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 57 patients were randomized to receive either compressive cryotherapy or cryotherapy alone in this randomized study. The purpose was to determine if compressive cryotherapy reduced pain and analgesic consumption compared to a standard ice wrap over the first week after shoulder arthroscopy for rotator cuff repair or subacromial decompression. Results indicated no Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 135 patients with non-specific chronic low back pain (LBP) were randomized to undergo anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) or sham tDCS, each with cognitive behavioural management (CBT). The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of tDCS and CBT in patients with non-specific chronic LBP, and provide follow-up at 4, 12, and 24 weeks treatment. The findings from Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 118 patients undergoing fast-track total hip arthroplasty (THA) were randomized to receive general anaesthesia (GA), with propofol and remifentanil, or spinal anaesthesia (SA). The purpose of the study was to compare these two anaesthetic approaches in terms of length of hospital stay (LOS), short-term outcomes of well-being, and patient satisfaction at 6 months. Results indicated that Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: One hundred patients scheduled for total knee arthroplasty under spinal anaesthesia and preoperative single-shot femoral nerve block were randomized to receive either continuous femoral nerve block with 0.125% bupivacaine for 48 hours after arrival to the postanaesthesia care unit, or to placebo saline. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the analgesic effect of continuous femoral nerve block as compared with placebo saline after total knee arthroplasty. Upon follow-up for Read More »
Author verified Level 1 RCT
Synopsis: A comprehensive review and network meta-analysis was conducted looking at the complication rates requiring reoperation for all stabilization techniques for open tibial shaft fractures (Gustilo Types I – IIIB). Treatments evaluated were plate fixation, external fixation (by any method), reamed and unreamed intramedullary nailing, and Ender intramedullary nailing. Fourteen trials including Read More »
Author verified Level 1 Meta Analysis