Showing 1 - 12 of 4239 reports matching:
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Synopsis: 12 patients with bilateral knee osteoarthritis had one knee randomized to injection with 20mg triamcinolone hexacetonide, and the other knee randomized to injection with saline. The purpose of this study was to compare pain, knee stiffness & tenderness, patient preference, and thermographic indices between knees over a 6-week follow-up. While reporting of Read More »
Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 16 patients (24 knees) with knee osteoarthritis were randomized to an injection with either 20mg triamcinolone hexacetonide or placebo. After 1 week, patients initially administered a triamcinolone hexacetonide injection received a saline injection, and patients initially administered a saline injection received a triamcinolone hexacetonide injection. Patients were assessed Read More »
Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 77 patients with knee osteoarthritis underwent knee arthroscopy & joint lavage, followed by an intra-articular injection of corticosteroid (120mg methylprednisolone acetate) or placebo saline, assigned randomly. The outcomes assessed included patient-reported pain and function, response rate (minimum 30% reduction in pain from baseline), and relapse rate at 2, 4, 8, 12, and 24-week follow-ups. Results demonstrated no Read More »
Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 25 patients with a total of 38 knees with osteoarthritis were randomized to the order in which they received either hydrocortisone tert-butylacetate, hydrocortisone acetate, or placebo injections. For each treatment, four injections were given, every 2 weeks. A washout period Read More »
Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 120 patients with knee osteoarthritis were randomized to a single intra-articular injection of either 40mg triamcinolone acetate, 3mg betamethasone disodium phosphate, 40mg methylprednisolone acetate or placebo. Patients were followed at 1, 3, 6, and 12 weeks after injection for pain reduction on a visual analog scale and functional improvement on the Lequesne Functional Index. Results demonstrated significantly Read More »
Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 68 patients scheduled for outpatient arthroscopic ACL reconstruction were randomized to be administered either combined single-shot femoral nerve and sciatic nerve blocks (combined ssFSNB), or single-shot femoral nerve block alone (ssFNB). The purpose of this study was to determine if the combined femoral-sciatic nerve block demonstrated significantly lower pain within the post-anaesthesia care unit. Results demonstrated significantly Read More »
Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 62 patients with medial knee osteoarthritis or osteonecrosis who were scheduled for opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy were randomized to the procedure using either combined CT-based and image-free navigation technology or conventional techniques to create the correction angle. The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate if navigation allowed for fewer coronal and sagittal outliers on postoperative computed tomography (CT). No significant difference Read More »
Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 80 osteoarthritic patients scheduled to undergo total hip arthroplasty were randomized to preoperative care consisting of either a 10-week explosive-type resistive training program or usual care. The objective of this trial was to determine if this type of preoperative exercise program was feasible and effective. The findings of Read More »
Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 45 patients with severe hallux valgus deformity were randomized to undergo either open wedge osteotomy or crescentic osteotomy for the purpose of comparing radiological and clinical outcomes of both methods after 12 months post-surgery. Results demonstrated that both surgical interventions were associated with significant improvements in hallux valgus angle, intermetatarsal angle, pain and function at 4 and 12 months. Between-group comparisons for Read More »
Author verified Level 2 RCT
Synopsis: 68 patients scheduled for arthroscopic debridement and microfracture for osteochondral defects (OCD) of the talus were randomized to postoperative rehabilitation with or without the use of pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) therapy. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that the use of PEMF therapy postoperatively in these patients would increase the rate of return to sport and also reduce the time to return to sport. Results demonstrated no Read More »
Level 1 RCT
Synopsis: Twenty randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included in a meta-analysis and systematic review comparing pain, treatment-emergent adverse events, and function between Hylan G-F 20 injections and low-molecular-weight hyaluronic acid (LMWHA) injections for knee osteoarthritis. No significant differences between products were observed in pain overall or the incidence of treatment-emergent related adverse events. When subgrouped based Read More »
Level 1 Meta Analysis
Synopsis: 620 patients with an unstable ankle fracture were randomized to treatment with either close contact casting or internal fixation. The purpose of this study was to determine if functional outcome within the first 6 months after casting was equivalent to internal fixation. Secondary clinical and Read More »
Level 2 RCT